Do you want to give your Golden Retriever a refreshing fruit treat but aren’t sure if it’s good for him? I often feed my dog strawberries or watermelon, but what about the many other fruits you see on the supermarket shelves? What fruits can Golden Retrievers eat?
Golden Retrievers can eat various fruits, such as apples, strawberries, mango, bananas, raspberries, melon, peaches, pears, and blueberries. Be careful with fruit containing pits and seeds as they pose a choking hazard, and some fruits are toxic to dogs, such as grapes, avocados, and star fruit.
Here’s what you’ll learn in this article:
- The best fruits that are perfectly safe to add to your Golden Retriever’s diet.
- The science behind why your dog can actually eat fruit.
- How to feed and recommended portion sizes.
- The harmful fruits not to feed your Golden Retriever.
You’ll learn that some fruits are more suitable than others. At the end of this article, I’ll tell you about my dog’s top five favorites! Read on for the complete guide to what fruits your Golden Retriever can eat.
What Fruits Can Golden Retrievers Eat?
While most high-quality dog food is tailored to meet dogs’ needs, adding fruits to a balanced diet makes a delicious supplement. Fruits are also fantastic as a reward for good behavior, especially when your treat cabinet is empty!
Table of Fruits Your Golden Retriever Can and Can’t Eat…
|Fruit||Can Eat||Can’t Eat|
|Grapes & Raisins||✘|
Apples are a treat for Golden Retrievers. They’re rich in vitamins A and C, as well as calcium, phosphorus, and fiber. Vitamins are necessary for maintaining bone and tissue health.
Apples have a sweet flavor and a crunchy texture that most dogs appreciate. They even aid in the cleaning of teeth and the freshening of breath. Slice the apple into small pieces or chunks, but remove the cores because they can block up your dog’s intestines.
Also, remove the seeds because they contain a compound called amygdalin, and food enzymes break this down into toxic cyanide. However, to be poisoned, your Golden Retriever will have to eat a lot of apple seeds!
To give you an example, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a person weighing 70kg would need to eat about 40 apple cores to receive a lethal dose, while a Golden Retriever weighing 35kg would need to eat 20! I suppose it’s one to be aware of if you grow apple trees, especially as they begin to fall to the ground.
Apricots are tropical fruits that are sweet and tangy and high in vitamins A and C. They also contain potassium, copper, and beta-carotene, all of which can aid in cancer prevention.
The fleshy fruit is safe to feed your Golden Retriever; however, do not feed the pit, leaves, or stem. When chewed and digested, these parts contain cyanide, which can be dangerous if ingested in large quantities.
Nonetheless, poisoning would take a large number of pits once again. The exact number depends on the dog’s size and whether the pits are chewed to release the chemical.
You can give your Golden Retriever a few small bites now and then, but don’t overdo it because apricots are high in fiber, and too much fiber can cause stomach upset.
Bananas are edible for Golden Retrievers. Their potassium content is high, which can improve kidney and heart function. Vitamins B6 and C, biotin, silk, magnesium, and copper are also abundant.
However, since they are a high carbohydrate snack, they contain a ton of sugar, so feed them in moderation. You should not feed peel because it is difficult for your dog to digest.
When we go on a long walk, I like to give my dog a couple of small banana pieces as it gives her a quick energy boost. Bananas may also be mashed or frozen.
I love picking blackberries in the summer, and these soft, juicy fruits are perfect for sharing with your dog. Some dogs, on the other hand, may not like their taste.
Blackberries are rich in antioxidants, which can help to prevent or delay the deterioration of cell damage. They’re rich in vitamins A, B, C, E, and K, as well as fiber. They contain less sugar than other fruits and are a great option for your Golden Retriever. In hot weather, frozen blackberries can be a welcome treat to help cool your dog down.
Blueberries are considered a superfood because they contain antioxidants that help to prevent cell damage, cancer and reduce inflammation. They’re high in vitamins C and K, as well as fiber, and they’re low in calories.
Phytochemicals are also present. These compounds can be useful in the fight against cancer and heart disease, according to scientists.
Blueberries are a perfect snack for your Golden Retriever because they are very balanced and nutritious. They have less sugar than many other fruits, so they’re also better for your dog’s teeth.
Despite the word “nut” in its name, coconut is a fruit!
Coconut is relatively safe for your Golden Retriever to eat, and it lacks many of the proteins that people with tree nut allergies are allergic to or sensitive to. In any case, a coconut allergy is exceptionally uncommon.
Coconut is rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants, all of which help support your dog’s immune system. It assists in preventing viruses, reducing inflammation, and the treatment of yeast infections.
Coconut oil is also beneficial to the skin and hair of your Golden Retriever. The natural oils make his fur shinier and his skin less dry. There’s no harm in feeding your dog a couple of tiny pieces of flesh if he likes the taste but ensure the outer shell and husk are removed first.
Cranberries are a superfood rich in vitamins C, E, and K and manganese and fiber.
They have anti-inflammatory effects, and according to this report – cranberry juice significantly improved antioxidant capacity in animal organs.
Cranberries are fine for your Golden Retriever to eat, but many dogs won’t like their tart flavor! If you want to include them in your dog’s diet, you may need to secrete them into his food!
These tiny fruits aid in the prevention of cancer and the strengthening of the immune system. They also have antibacterial properties that can help prevent and regulate urinary tract infections.
They can be given raw, cooked, or dried, but cranberry juice should be avoided due to its high sugar content.
Cucumbers are technically a fruit, but they are most commonly found in the grocery store’s vegetable section. As a result, they’re on this list!
It doesn’t really matter, though, because they’re rich in nutrients and healthy for your Golden Retriever to eat.
Calcium, potassium, copper, magnesium, and biotin are all present in cucumbers. They’re also high in B1, C, and K vitamins. Their advantages include strengthening bones and improving joints and connective tissue. They can even aid in the freshening of your dog’s breath!
They make a perfect tasty treat in hot weather, and they help keep your Golden Retriever hydrated because they contain about 96% water. They’re also suitable for overweight dogs because they’re low in calories and can help boost energy.
Despite the ambiguity, dates are safe for Golden Retrievers to eat. The fruit of the date palm tree; dates are usually sold dried. Their resemblance to raisins (dried grapes), which are poisonous to dogs, triggers confusion.
Dates are rich in nutrients and offer a range of health benefits. Fiber, potassium, calcium, vitamins A, B, and C, and disease-fighting antioxidants are abundant. They are low in fat, cholesterol-free, and beneficial to your Retriever’s heart, skin, and immune system.
They are high in sugar, so keep that in mind when feeding to prevent a stomach upset, but they can be helpful if your dog needs a fast energy boost after a long day of exercise or play. To avoid choking, make sure you removed the stone before eating or buy ones that have the stones already removed!
Golden Retrievers can eat kiwi. They’re a sweet fruit that’s high in vitamin C, potassium, iron, and fiber, and they’re loaded with nutrients.
Their antioxidants aid in the prevention of cancer and the strengthening of the immune system. They’re really fantastic for your dog’s digestion.
The flesh is also nutritious, but it is difficult for your Retriever to digest. It contains a lot of insoluble fiber, which can cause an upset stomach. Just cut kiwi fruit into slices rather than feeding it whole.
Lemon, Lime, & Grapefruit
While the flesh of lemon, lime, and grapefruit is safe for dogs to consume, it is not recommended due to the high levels of citric acid in these fruits.
A belly ache, vomiting and diarrhea, will occur if we eat too many citrus fruits. Consider that your Golden Retriever’s digestive system is far more sensitive than ours!
Lemon, lime, and grapefruit are also all nutritionally ineffective for your Retriever. Furthermore, most dogs dislike the intense aroma of citrus fruits and will not even lick them, let alone eat them! If your Golden Retriever is bold enough to try a bit, make sure the peel is removed first.
Also, avoid feeding the pith (white parts) or seeds, as they contain psoralens. These are toxic to dogs, particularly if ingested in large quantities. There are much better fruits available.
Mango is a delicious tropical fruit that is particularly popular in the summer and is one of my favorites. A mango slice is a sweet and nutritious treat rich in vitamins A, B6, C, and E. It’s also a decent source of fiber.
It does, however, contain a lot of sugar, so feed it to your Golden Retriever in moderation. Too much sugar can cause vomiting and diarrhea.
You should remove the skin because it is difficult for your doggo to process. Since the hard pit is a choking danger, make sure it’s also removed. If your Retriever swallows the stone, it may cause a severe blockage in his digestive tract. Cut into bite-sized chunks to serve, and it can also be fed frozen.
Melon is a perfect source of vitamins, dietary fiber, niacin, folate, and potassium and is good for dogs. Its high antioxidant content is beneficial for promoting healthy cell function and lowering cancer and arthritis risks.
My favorites, cantaloupe, and honeydew melon, have high water content and are low in calories. Small pieces are tasty and soothing, particularly on hot days, for your Golden Retriever.
On the other hand, melon has a high sugar content, so ensure your dog eats it in moderation. You should not feed the seeds and rind because they are difficult to digest. In the summer, my dog enjoys a refreshing chunk of melon.
Here’s a Fun Video of Some of the Best Fruits to Feed Your Dog…
Nectarines, Peaches & Plums
Nectarines, peaches, and plums are high in beta-carotene, which the body transforms into vitamin A, which helps keep skin, teeth, and bones healthy. Your Golden Retriever may eat the fleshy bits, but avoid the stone to stop poisoning, choking, or GI blockage.
These stone fruits are also high in fiber, which helps digestion, and potassium, which is beneficial to heart and kidney health. They’re also high in antioxidants, which can help prevent cancer and improve your dog’s overall health and immune system. If you want to feed these fruits to your dog, keep in mind that they are very sugary.
So, are olives fruits or vegetables, and what’s the deal with the ambiguity?
Olives are technically a fruit since they are the fruit of the olive tree and contain seeds. But, many people consider them to be vegetables because they are considered such in the culinary world.
With one or two caveats, they are perfectly safe for dogs to eat! They’re rich in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and good fats, so they’re an excellent nutrition source. They are also high in vitamin E, which is beneficial for your Golden Retriever’s eyes and immune system.
So, what’s the deal?
A healthy snack for your Golden might be a couple of plain, unsalted olives. However, to stop choking, blockages, or broken teeth, you must remove the pits. Not only are dental costs high, but the pits often contain hazardous chemicals. However, your dog will have to eat a significant number of these to become critically ill.
Oranges & Mandarines (Tangerine, Clementine & Satsuma)
Oranges and mandarines are high in vitamin C, helping your dog’s immune system and eliminating toxins. They’re also rich in potassium and fiber.
Dogs can consume these two related citrus fruit species, but there are some steps to take.
Like other citrus fruits, your Golden Retriever may not like the acidic zing of oranges! However, if you find you have a citrus-loving pooch, only let him have a tiny amount due to their high sugar content and tartness.
Since the leathery peel is difficult for your Golden Retriever to digest, you must only feed the orange flesh. Also, avoid the seeds and white pith because they contain toxic compounds. After the tiniest sniff, my dog turns her head away. Oranges are certainly not her favorite fruit!
Pears are quite edible to Golden Retrievers. Potassium, vitamins A, C, and K, and fiber are abundant in this fruit. Because of their antioxidants, pears are thought to lower the risk of strokes, and they have anti-cancer properties. Vitamin K is well-known for its ability to improve bone density.
Pears are high in sugar, so feed them in moderation, particularly if your Golden Retriever needs to shed some pounds. A few slices in the week, on the other hand, can be a safe and nutritious treat. The core and seeds, much like apples, must be removed first.
Persimmons are beneficial to dogs because they contain a lot of Vitamin A and C. They also contain antioxidants, fiber, potassium, manganese, folic acid, and beta-carotene, among other nutrients.
Persimmons have a range of health advantages, including the potential to improve overall health and fight cancer. Owing to their high fiber content, they can also aid with inflammation and constipation. The body converts beta-carotene into vitamin A, which is beneficial for your dog’s vision.
It’s fine to give your Golden Retriever a small taste of persimmon once in a while, and it makes a nice sweet treat. Take care of the seeds as these can trigger a belly ache, so you will need to remove them first.
Although Golden Retrievers can eat pineapple, they may not like their tangy flavor! On the other hand, pineapple can be a nutritious treat since it is high in vitamins, minerals, and fiber, all of which are beneficial to your dog’s digestion and immune system. Bromelain, an enzyme with anti-inflammatory properties, is also present.
Remove the prickly peel and crown first if you want to give your dog a little slice. Pineapple is also high in sugar, so feed it in moderation unless your dog has developed a taste for it and needs a fast energy boost during a long hike!
In the summer, frozen pineapple chunks are a refreshing snack that will keep your Golden Retriever hydrated. Avoid canned pineapple, though, because it has a lot of sugar added to it.
Raspberries are rich in vitamin C, fiber, folic acid, iron, potassium, manganese, copper, and magnesium, and they are low in sugar and calories.
They have anti-inflammatory features beneficial to the joints and are perfect for older dogs or those suffering from mobility problems like hip and elbow dysplasia.
Xylitol is found in small amounts of raspberries. It’s a natural sweetener that can result in canines’ death due to its toxicity if ingested in significant quantities. However, don’t be put off by this because your Golden Retriever would need to eat an awful lot!
To put this in perspective, a 10kg dog will have to consume at least 32 cups of raspberries to be killed. Given that the average adult Golden Retriever weighs around three times this, that’s a hell of a lot of raspberries!
My dog adores raspberries, and when the weather is hot, she enjoys them frozen.
Strawberries are a scrumptious fruit to eat. You can get them all year long, and my dog dotes on them.
Fiber, vitamins C, B1, B6, K, folic acid, potassium, iodine, and magnesium are abundant in these berries. They’re also rich in alpha-linolenic acid, an omega-3 fatty acid that keeps your Golden Retriever’s skin healthy and his coat shiny.
Antioxidants flourish in strawberries and can help with weight loss, slow down the aging process, and improve the immune system. Given their sweetness, they have low sugar and calorie content.
Also, malic acid, which is also found in apples, can help keep your dog’s teeth white by serving as a natural enamel whitener.
Watermelon is safe to eat for Golden Retrievers – if you take a few precautions! Remove all of the fiddly seeds, and don’t feed the rind.
They are high in vitamins A, B6, and C and fiber, which helps with digestion. They also contain potassium, which helps reduce blood pressure and the risk of heart disease and stroke.
Since watermelon is 92% water, it’s another perfect way to keep your dog hydrated during hot weather. In the summer, everybody, including my dog, enjoys a cool slice of watermelon. Break it into cubes to serve.
Can Golden Retrievers Eat Fruit?
Now that you know which fruits are safe for your dog to consume, you may be wondering if Golden Retrievers can actually eat fruit.
Golden Retrievers can eat fruit since dogs have evolved to eat an omnivorous diet due to thousands of years of domestication and have a digestive system capable of digesting plant-based foods. Dogs also have flat molars (teeth) for grinding and crushing plant material, such as fruits and vegetables.
Check out the below diagram showing “omnivorous” dog traits affected by domestication (highlighted in white boxes) and reflecting the typical feast-or-famine lifestyle of the wolf, the carnivorous ancestor of the dog:
Therefore, Golden Retrievers can eat both animal and plant foods and remain perfectly healthy.
Should Dogs Eat Fruit?
Almost everything we eat leads to our capacity to operate like a well-oiled engine. What about our pets, though? We’ve already learned that dogs can eat fruit, but should they?
Golden Retrievers should eat fruit as they provide additional nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants. Fruit can be beneficial to your dog’s health and help minimize the risk of many chronic diseases, including cancer.
While most high-quality dog food is designed to meet most dogs’ needs, including fruits in their diet is advantageous. Here are some other benefits:
- Fruit boosts the immune system, decreases inflammation, improves the skin, hair, and vision, and aids digestion.
- Fruits are low in calories and fat and make an excellent choice if your Golden Retriever needs to lose weight.
- As some pet treats can be high in calories, fruits can provide a healthier alternative.
To discover more about the best diet for Golden Retrievers, check out this top article. It has loads of info on nutrition, diet types, and precisely what your dog can and can’t eat.
How to Feed Fruit to Dogs
Here are some tips for feeding fruit to your Golden Retriever:
- Wash all fruit first to get rid of any dirt, bacteria, or remaining pesticides.
- Introduce fruit slowly to avoid tummy ache!
- Remove any stones, seeds, or rind. Hazards of these include poisoning, choking, digestive blockage, stomach upset, or even cracked teeth!
- To avoid choking, serve small bite-sized portions or slices.
- Fruits may be mashed or pureed.
- Frozen fruits are perfect for keeping your dog cool in the heat.
- You should avoid canned fruit since it tends to contain sugary syrup.
- You should also avoid fruit juice due to its high sugar content and/or acidity.
How Much Fruit Can a Dog Eat?
You should only feed fruits in moderation to your Golden Retriever. As a general rule, treats should not account for more than 10% of your dog’s total daily calories. The remaining 90% should come from high-quality, well-balanced dog food.
Fruit should be fed to your Golden retriever in the same manner as every other snack, in small portions.
Recommended Portion Sizes
When feeding your Golden Retriever, the recommended fruit portion sizes are listed below. It’s just a rough guide since exact portions can vary depending on your dog’s size, activity level, fitness, and age.
I’ve also included the dangers to avoid for each fruit. I hope it will be useful as a short reference guide for you:
|Apple||1-2 slices||Seeds & Core|
|Apricot||1 slice||Leaves, stem & pit|
|Banana||2-3 pieces (1-inch chunks)||Peel|
|Coconut||1 slice||Shell & husk|
|Cranberries||1 dessert spoon|
|Dates||Half a date||Pit|
|Kiwi Fruit||1 slice||Skin|
|Lemon, Lime & Grapefruit||A lick to try!||Peel, pith & seeds|
|Mango||1-2 slices||Peel & pit|
|Melon||1 slice (1-inch chunks)||Seeds & rind|
|Nectarine, Peach & Plum||2-3 bite-sized pieces||Pit|
|Oranges & Mandarines||1 bite-sized segment||Peel, pith & seeds|
|Pear||2-3 bite-sized pieces||Seeds & core|
|Persimmon||2-3 bite-sized pieces||Pit & seeds|
|Pineapple||1-2 bite-sized pieces||Peel & crown|
|Strawberries||Half of a large berry sliced|
|Watermelon||1 slice (1-inch chunks)||Seeds & rind|
What Fruits are Poisonous to Golden Retrievers?
While many “human” foods found in and around your home are perfectly safe for Golden Retrievers, others are extremely harmful, so knowing which fruits dogs can’t eat is crucial. But first, here’s a couple of tips:
Tip: If you grow fruit at home, be mindful that it produces alcohol once it falls from the tree and begins to decompose on the ground. This is an additional toxin, so never leave your doggo unsupervised where he has free access to fruit.
Tip: Check out this post, What Foods are Toxic to Golden Retrievers? 27 Bad Foods!
Golden Retrievers should not eat avocados as they contain persin, a toxin that can cause vomiting and diarrhea. It’s found in the pit, skin, and leaves.
Avocado poisoning affects many animals and birds, and although dogs are less prone, severe cases may result in a heart attack.
Although there is no proof that the pulp contains persin, its high fat content may trigger pancreatitis, mainly if your dog is sensitive. If you like Mexican food as much as I do, keep your Retriever away from the guacamole!
If you plan to offer your Golden Retriever cherries, proceed with caution! Even though the cherry’s flesh is safe, eating too much of it can cause severe stomach problems.
The cherry stone, stem, and leaves all contain toxic cyanide, although your dog will have to eat a significant amount to be poisoned. The pit can also be dangerous and cause choking. I don’t suggest feeding your Golden Retriever cherries for these reasons.
Grapes & Raisins
Golden Retrievers are particularly toxic to grapes, raisins, and other dried varients.
The exact toxin has yet to be determined, but it is recognized that even a small amount can cause acute kidney failure and death. If your dog eats grapes by mistake, call your veterinarian right away because immediate care is crucial.
All foods containing grapes are poisonous to your Golden Retriever, so keep him away from baked goods, trail mix, granola, and raisin bran cereal.
The tropical star fruit is particularly toxic to Golden Retrievers if eaten in large quantities, as it can cause acute kidney failure.
It contains soluble calcium oxalate, similar to rhubarb leaves. When soluble oxalate salts are absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, they bind with the body’s calcium, triggering a rapid drop in calcium that can lead to acute renal failure.
It’s hard to tell how much star fruit would poison your Golden Retriever, so keep star fruit away from your dog and make sure he never gets into the garbage.
Since tomatoes are technically a fruit, we’ll talk about them here!
While the tomato’s ripened red fruit is usually considered safe for dogs, the plant’s green sections, as well as the unripened tomato, are toxic.
Solanine is a compound contained in green tomatoes. Although a significant amount will have to be swallowed, solanine poisoning can cause respiratory problems, fatigue, tremors, and serious stomach upset.
Fruits are a perfect choice for rewarding your dog. I promised you that I would tell you about my dog’s five favorites. These are apples, strawberries, raspberries, bananas, and melon.
Here’s a reminder of the key takeaways of the article:
- You can safely feed your Golden Retriever a variety of fruits, but some are better than others.
- Since dogs are omnivores, they can digest fruits.
- Feeding slowly and sparingly is the best way to start.
- If you grow your own fruit trees, be aware of which fruits are poisonous to dogs, and don’t give your Golden access to fallen fruit.
- If your dog has a health problem, allergy, or food sensitivity, consult your veterinarian before feeding.
If you have any questions about your Golden Retriever’s nutritional wellbeing, speak with your vet. I also believe it is important to keep track of your dog’s weight, and I like to take my dog for regular check-ups.
Related Posts You May Like:
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Cyanides (as CN)
- Harvard Medical School: Fill up on phytochemicals
- Researchgate: Pure Polyphenols and Cranberry Juice High in Anthocyanins Increase Antioxidant Capacity in Animal Organs
- Pubmed: The effects of cranberries on preventing urinary tract infections
- Ask a Vet Question: Xylitol in fruit toxic to dogs?
- NCBI: Comparison between the effect of commercially available chemical teeth whitening paste and teeth whitening paste containing ingredients of herbal origin on human enamel
- MSD Veterinary Manual: Avocado
- Nature: The genomic signature of dog domestication reveals adaptation to a starch-rich diet
- Researchgate: Omnivorous dog traits revisited
- AKC: How Many Treats Can Your Dog Really Have?
- Pet Poison Helpline: Starfruit
Willow Online Publishing is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. We also participate in other affiliate programs that compensate us for referring traffic.