When Are Labs Potty Trained? How to Potty Train a Lab


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If you have just brought a new Labrador puppy into your home, there’s no doubt you will be busy doing all kinds of new puppy things! One of your priorities will be to get your pup house trained, and you may be wondering how long this may take. So, when are Labradors potty trained?

Labs are typically potty trained between 4-6 months of age. Although puppies will know where they should go to potty after a month of training, they can’t control when they go. Labs will usually be fully house trained by six months but may still have the occasional accident up to a year old. 

Don’t worry, as this is my complete guide to Labrador potty training. You’ll discover the best time to start house training and exactly how to potty train your pup, with or without a crate. I’ll give you lots of helpful tips and tricks to get your Lab off to a flying start and fully house trained as quickly as possible.

A Lab puppy looking at his pee on the wooden floor. When are Labs Potty Trained?

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Welcome to my ultimate guide to Labrador puppy potty training. Let’s get started!

At What Age Should a Lab Puppy be Potty Trained?

Training is relatively easy for Labrador puppies as they are an intelligent breed. But, at what age should a Lab puppy be potty trained?

A Lab puppy should be potty trained by six months old. At this age, they should be able to control their bladder. House training can take several weeks to months, depending on various factors. These include the dog’s previous living history, size, the technique used, and your circumstances.

Some pups will learn quicker than others, but they can still have accidents up to 12 months old, especially if they are easily excitable! Never punish your Lab puppy for having the odd toilet accident, as this is normal.

Let’s look at the factors that can influence the length of time it takes to successfully toilet train your Lab:

  • History. Labrador puppies from a shelter or those living in poor living conditions (such as from an unethical breeder) might need a little longer to master toilet training. They will need to break bad habits first before learning new desirable ones. For example, if they’ve been left to mess their crate, then a crate shouldn’t be used.
  • Size of the puppy. Size can be a factor in determining when your Lab will be potty trained. It is known that dogs of different sizes may require more time to complete house-training. Small dogs are more difficult to toilet-train. So if you have the runt of the litter, he may take a while longer. But why is this? Some clinicians have suggested that smaller dogs have a higher metabolism and a smaller bladder, causing them to pee more frequently, leading to inadequate potty training. This theory hasn’t been proved, but this study of 735 dogs demonstrated that smaller breed dogs take longer to potty train than large breeds. Nonetheless, scientists are still unsure why there is this difference. Further research is required.
  • Technique. Many mistakes are made by pet parents who wrongly believe in some methods. Yelling, physical punishment, or rubbing your dog’s nose in his pee or poop after an accident will not work and will only cause your puppy to fear and distrust you. Here’s how to discipline a Labrador and what not to do! I’ll cover the correct technique further in the article.
  • Situation. Your circumstances and where you live may influence when your Lab is fully potty trained. For instance, it may take longer if you live in a high-rise apartment, and it takes you a while to get your puppy outside. In this situation, using puppy pads or sheets of a newspaper is advised.
  • Medical issues. Some medical problems could extend your Lab’s potty training time. If your pup cannot master peeing in the house, he might have a urinary tract infection. If he’s pooping, he may have intestinal parasites, such as worms. If you have any doubt, take your pup to the vet to rule out anything medical. If your Lab suffers from anxiety, he may not like his crate. This can prolong potty training time.

Check Out This Video for Some Other Medical Reasons to be Aware of…

When to Start Potty Training a Lab Puppy

There are so many things to do when you first bring your new Labrador pup home. From sorting a routine, introducing him to his crate, starting basic obedience training, visiting the vet for a first check-up and microchipping, etc. So, when do you start potty training?

Start potty training your Lab puppy the first day you bring him home. Puppies usually leave their mother at 8 weeks old, but no matter their age, start on day one. As soon as you arrive home, show your Lab where you want him to potty, such as a sectioned off area of your yard or garden.

Make the area you want your Lab to do his business look different from the rest of your yard or garden so he’ll learn to recognize it. A good idea is to fence off an area and add something like bark chippings. Most dogs prefer to potty on natural surfaces as opposed to paving or concrete.

I remember the day I arrived home with my new pup as if it were yesterday. I took her to a small sectioned off part of the lawn where I wanted her to go, and she soon got the hang of it.

Related: Lab Puppy Training Schedule: What to Teach Month by Month

Are Lab Puppies Hard to Potty Train?

Labradors Retrievers are the most popular dog breed in the US and have been for many years. Their popularity is reciprocated in many parts of the world due to their kind and gentle personalities and intelligence.

Labs are a smart cookie and are ranked 7th of all dog breeds, according to renowned canine psychologist Stanley Cohen in his book, The Intelligence of Dogs. But, how do they fare when it comes to potty training?

Lab puppies are not hard to potty train as they are intelligent, highly social, and love to please. They also love both physical and mental stimulation. As one of the brightest dog breeds, they will find house training easy as long as you establish a schedule with consistent training principles.

Their sound, friendly temperament, and their ability to learn, no matter the type of training, is what makes them an ideal working dog. They are often the preferred choice as guide dogs, therapy dogs, and in search and rescue.

If you are having trouble completing potty training with your Lab, read on to find out what to do! But first, we need to look at how long puppies can realistically hold their bladder.

How Long Can a Lab Puppy Go Without Peeing?

When you begin potty training, you should regularly take your Labrador outside to pee. This is one of your main tasks! If you’re wondering how often you should do this, we need to firstly look at how long a Lab pup can go without peeing.

A Lab puppy can usually go without peeing for one hour for every month of age. So, an 8-week old pup won’t be able to hold its bladder for more than two hours. However, allow young puppies to potty more frequently to avoid accidents. It’s recommended to take them out hourly at first. 

I think it’s far better to be on the safe side and take your dog out more regularly. That way, you’ll have fewer accidents to clean up, and your pup will quickly learn where and when you want him to go.

Here’s a handy table showing the puppy’s age and the approximate frequency of toilet breaks required.

Age of Lab PuppyFrequency of Potty Breaks
2 monthsEvery hour
3 months1-2 hours
4 months2-3 hours
5 months3-4 hours
6 months4-5 hours

Your Labrador will also need to be taken outside shortly after eating and drinking. Also, allow him to eliminate after physical activity, and as soon as he wakes after a nap.

The question of how long Labradors can hold their bladder complements the question of how long you can leave your dog alone. Check out this article to find out, How Long Can Labradors be Left Alone? Guilt-Free Guide.

How Do You Potty Train a Lab Puppy?

The principles of Lab potty training are the same whether you choose to use a crate or not. However, a crate is recommended when you can’t fully supervise your pup. So, how do you potty train a Lab puppy?

To potty train a Lab puppy, follow these basic principles. Control his environment using a crate and playpen combination or keep him attached to you with a long leash. Create a schedule, give him lots of opportunities to go (more than necessary), and learn to spot the signs when he needs to potty.

Learn More on How to Potty Train Your Puppy Here…

The ultimate aim of housebreaking your puppy is to prevent accidents. Here’s how to potty train a Lab puppy – fast:

  • Control his environment. When potty training your puppy, the first thing to do is to control his environment. By this, I mean managing where your Lab can and can’t go as he should be kept under constant supervision. Use a long leash and attach your pup to your waist, even when inside the house. This allows you to look out for warning signs.
  • Create a separate area. Your Labrador needs his own “room” or “puppy zone.” A great way to set this up is to use a crate and exercise pen combination where the playpen is complementary to the crate. Your pup will sleep in the crate, whereas the playpen provides extra space. Make sure to choose a pen with a door so that you can attach it to the crate, such as the Midwest Homes for Pets Folding Exercise Pen from Amazon. I also recommend the Midwest Homes for Pets icrate. It’s a perfect fit to complement the playpen and comes with everything you need, including a divider panel and wipe clean tray.
  • Introduce the crate and/or playpen. Slowly introduce the crate to your puppy over the first few days. Don’t force him to go inside but let him naturally explore it by throwing a tasty treat inside. If you get your Lab to love his crate by creating positive associations, house training will go nice and smooth as he won’t mess where he sleeps. When you let your pup out of his crate, immediately take him outside. When he is away from his own room, make sure you closely supervise him by keeping him attached to you on a long leash.
  • Allow frequent potty breaks. Give your dog lots of opportunities to go outside. It’s better to take him outside more frequently than what’s really necessary rather than not taking him out often enough.
  • Create a puppy potty schedule. Dogs thrive off routines, including mealtimes, exercise, and potty training! You can set an alarm on your watch or phone to remind you to take your dog outside to his toilet area. Your pup will need to go first thing in the morning, after a meal or drinking, when he wakes from a nap, after playtimes, and before bedtime.
  • Learn to spot the signs. Get to know your dog’s body language and learn to spot the signs when he needs to go and eliminate. Look for clues such as sniffing the floor or carpet, circling, restlessness, becoming overexcited, whining, or making towards the door.
  • Never punish your Lab for having an accident. Just as you wouldn’t punish a baby, never punish your dog if he has an accident. This includes whether you catch him in the act or if it happened a while ago. Moreso, the latter, as your dog will have no idea what he is being punished for! This is because dogs have a terrible short term memory and will forget an event in two minutes. Instead, take him straight outside and reward him with a treat and lots of praise if he finishes off his business.
  • Use potty pads as a temporary indoor alternative. Potty pads can be handy in extended periods of bad weather or if you live in a high-rise apartment and it takes longer to get outside. They can also be useful when traveling. Start by covering your dog’s area with the pads. Over the next few days, gradually reduce the covered floor as your pup will instinctively learn to pee where he’s been before.
  • Recognize excitement urination. Don’t mistake excitement pee as a potty accident. This is when your Labrador gets so excited he will pee a small amount. It may happen when a family member or friend visits. To prevent this, allow your dog to eliminate before a visitor arrives and ensure visitors make their entrance low key with no fuss, even ignoring the pup for a few minutes. Dogs will usually grow out of excitement pee by 18 months of age.
  • Be aware of submissive urination. This is also common, but your puppy will outgrow it. It occurs when your Labrador wants to show submissive status to a person or another animal. He may squat and urinate during specific situations. To prevent it, avoid yelling and physical punishment, appear less intimidating when approaching, kneel down, stroke under his chin instead of the top of his head.
  • Allow more freedom as your pup improves. Gradually increase the size of your Lab’s room as the weeks go by and his potty training progresses. At first, keep his sleeping area small and then gradually increase the size slowly and methodically. Remove the divider in the crate or make the playpen area larger if you arent using a crate. You may need to experiment with this but don’t delay taking a step back if your Lab relapses.

How to Potty Train a Lab Puppy With a Crate

A faster way to train your Lab puppy is to use a crate. This is also the best way as a crate makes house training easy. You can use a crate to your advantage as it helps your pup develop quicker bowel and bladder control.

To potty train a Lab puppy with a crate, use the crate as a tool. Dogs naturally want to keep their sleeping area clean and won’t want to mess in their crate. When the door is closed, your Lab will let you know he needs to eliminate by whining or scratching. He will learn self-control quicker.

A Labrador Puppy in his Crate. How to Potty Train a Lab Puppy With a Crate

As soon as your puppy lets you know he needs to go outside, don’t delay, and get him to his designated toilet area. Crates are great when you cannot fully supervise your puppy and are an ideal way to control his environment. However, you still need to keep a close eye on him and spot the signs when he needs to go.

If your dog is having accidents overnight in his crate, it’s probably too big. Make it smaller using a divider. He will be less likely to eliminate in a smaller sleeping area.

How to Potty Train a Lab Puppy Without a Crate

If you don’t like the idea of crate training, don’t worry as you can still successfully house train your dog. Just be aware that it will probably take a little longer.

To potty train a Lab puppy without a crate, control his environment by creating a “puppy zone” using dog gates or a playpen. Use dog gates to section off an area of the house. When away from his confinement, tether your pup to you with a long leash and establish a strict potty break schedule.

If you choose dog gates, there are a ton of styles you can choose to match your decor and configure how you like. Check out the Carlton Extra Tall Gate from Amazon, which is just perfect for your Labrador.

Keep your puppy in his “puppy zone” when you can’t directly supervise him. This area should contain training pads or newspapers.

Potty Training Puppies Between 3-6 Months Old

Most puppies are around 8-weeks old when they leave their mother and littermates, but occasionally your pup may be a little older when you first bring him home. You may wonder how to potty train an older puppy and whether you should do anything different.

Generally speaking, you should follow the same principles as if training an 8-week old. However, a more mature puppy should be able to grasp housebreaking quicker. As your pup’s little bladder is also more developed, he should also be able to control it better.

Here’s a table showing the benefits of potty training older puppies between 3-6 months of age:

Age of PuppyBenefits
How to potty train
a 3-month-old Lab

Will learn his designated toilet area quicker. Potty breaks should be every 1-2 hours.
How to potty train
a 4-month-old Lab
Will learn self-control quicker.
Potty breaks should be every 2-3 hours.
How to potty train
a 5-month-old Lab

You can extend his own area sooner.
Potty breaks should be every 3-4 hours.
How to potty train
a 6-month-old Lab

You can allow longer between breaks.
Potty breaks should be every 4-5 hours.

Labrador Puppy Potty Training Tips

Below are the best Labrador puppy potty training tips. Follow these for complete success:

  • Be consistent in your training.
  • Start on the first day you bring your pup home.
  • Show your pup the area outside where you want him to go.
  • Introduce him to his sleeping area, whether a crate or bed.
  • Use a verbal cue, such as “go potty” or “pee-pees.” It doesn’t really matter what you say as long as you use the same command.
  • Use rewards-based training and give lots of praise with an enthusiastic “yes!”
  • Create a schedule and stick to it!
  • Don’t fuss your pup in the morning. Get him straight outside.
  • Use the same route when leading your dog to his designated toilet area.
  • Be persistent and patient.
  • Accept that accidents will happen. If you catch your dog during an accident, pick him up and take him outside to his designated toilet area.
  • Focus your efforts on preventing future accidents.
  • Don’t rush your Lab’s potty break. Give him time to sniff around and explore.
  • Take some time off work for the first few days as you will be busy!

Do Lab Puppies Need to go Potty During the Night?

When I first picked my puppy up from the breeder, I distinctively remember asking if I should wake her to pee during the night? So, do Lab puppies need to go potty during the night?

Lab puppies don’t need to go potty during the night as they will usually be able to hold their bladder for a longer period when they are asleep. The time they can last will vary, but generally, 8-week old puppies can last 6-7 hours, especially if their water intake is limited before bedtime.

Nonetheless, it’s a good idea to allow your dog to sleep near you for the first couple of weeks, and if he does stir or whimper during the night, you can carry him outside and allow him to pee.

Related: Should You Let Your Labrador Puppy Sleep With You? Do’s & Dont’s

Common Puppy Training Mistakes

Many new pet parents wrongly assume that puppies can be potty trained in a week! Don’t get drawn into misleading headlines! People also make many mistakes when trying to potty train their Labrador.

A Lab puppy looking at his pee on a wooden floor. How Do You Potty Train a Lab Puppy?

Let’s look at the main ones:

  • Unrealistic expectations. Don’t expect your dog to be fully trained in a week or two! House training can take a few weeks to months.
  • Failing to control his environment. Don’t let your Labrador have free reign of the house. Use a crate and playpen combination or dog gates to make a safe “puppy zone.”
  • Failing to supervise your puppy. Constant supervision is required at all times. Don’t get lazy!
  • Expecting your Lab to tell you when he needs to go out. This is unrealistic, so make sure you take him out at regular intervals.
  • Leaving too long between toilet breaks. Even in periods of poor weather, your pup still needs to go outside!
  • Using a crate that’s too big. Although it’s wise to buy a larger crate to allow your dog to grow into, use a divider at first.
  • Leaving your Lab too long in his crate. There are many misconceptions on this topic. Here’s my article on how long you can leave a Lab in a crate for true insight.
  • Failing to recognize signs. Look out for signs and your pup’s body language that he needs to eliminate.
  • Overfeeding. Don’t overfeed your dog and stick to a feeding schedule.
  • Wrongly punishing dog. Don’t yell at your pup when he has an accident. Another big mistake is physical punishment or rubbing his nose in his mess!
  • Leaving the back door always open. Although this allows your pup to go when he pleases, it doesn’t teach him to learn self-control.
  • Failing to stay with your Lab outside. If you don’t remain with your pup, he might not pee at all, you won’t know if he’s been, and you aren’t able to reward him once he’s done his business!
  • Not waiting long enough outside. Allow 5-10 mins, let him have a good sniff, and allow him to wander around. Avoid distractions, such as children playing or other pets.
  • Not removing his poop from his designated toilet area. If you don’t clean up your dog’s mess, he might be reluctant to poop there next time!
  • Not keeping him off carpeted areas. Dogs prefer to eliminate on nice soft carpeted areas as opposed to hard floors. Keep your pup away from carpeted areas as much as possible as the smell of urine is harder to remove.
  • Failing to clean up accidents correctly. If your dog can still smell traces of urine, he will be attracted to the same spot to pee again! Clean up thoroughly using an enzymatic cleaner. These remove odors and eliminate stains. Don’t use products containing ammonia such as bleach as they smell similar to urine.
  • Letting your guard down. Don’t let your guard down! This is common around the 3-week mark, especially if you’ve been having a lot of success. This can be a mistake, so stay consistent or you’ll undo all your good work!
  • Fear of regression. Don’t hesitate to take a step backward following a spate of accidents. For example, reduce your Lab’s living space again.
  • Failing to recognize a medical issue. A urinary tract infection or another medical issue could be the problem of a spate of accidents.

Final Thoughts

I often get asked how do you know when potty training is complete?

Puppy house training is typically complete when your Labrador has almost no potty accidents for a couple of months AND he can go several hours between breaks.

You will achieve this far quicker if you stick to a schedule, control your dog’s environment, and recognize the signs when he needs to eliminate. Remember to give lots of praise and remain patient.

If you consistently do all of these things, your Lab puppy will be successfully potty trained in no time at all.

If you are finding toilet training your puppy really difficult, or if you notice he’s having increased accidents, there may be a medical reason. Your vet is the perfect professional to help you with this.

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Sharon Waddington

I am the owner of World of Dogz. I have a female German Shepherd named Willow, and I've worked with dogs for almost 30 years. I love spending time with her, and I enjoy sharing my knowledge and expertise of all things dogs on this site!

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