German Shepherds and Rottweilers are both large breed dogs categorized as herding and working dogs, respectively, by the American Kennel Club. Their role as family guard dogs, police dogs, or service dogs depicts their fame as strong and reliable breeds.
Nonetheless, a prospective buyer’s dilemma could be whether the German Shepherd or Rottweiler is equal in strength when it comes to performing these tasks. So, is a German Shepherd stronger than a Rottweiler?
German Shepherds are not stronger than Rottweilers, that is if by strong you mean how sturdy they are. German Shepherds are a lot smaller in weight and have a less muscular build than Rottweilers. But the two breeds also manifest similarities and differences in other characteristics, indicating that each is strong in its own right.
Whether you are trying to solve the strength puzzle because you are considering owning one of these dogs or are just curious about how the two breeds compare, this article has all the answers for you.
You’ll learn about features that manifest differently or similarly in Rottweilers and German Shepherds and eventually learn about the ultimate strength-defining aspect between these two breeds.
Let’s get started!
Rottweiler vs. German Shepherd: Who Takes the Award for the Strongest Dog?
A standard answer to this question is elusive. You’ll have to answer this question for yourself by the time you read the last line in this article. But I’ll give you all the help you need by exploring the strength-related features of German Shepherds and Rottweilers so that you have all the information you need to solve your puzzle.
You can also check out this really cool 6-minute video from “ViralBe.” It’s their take on the ultimate showdown between the Rottweiler vs. the German Shepherd:
The question is, will you have the same opinion?
Breed Size: Who Stands Larger and Taller?
When the Germans in Rottweil decided to crossbreed their sheepdogs with the Romans’ mastiff-type dogs, they had in mind a large and strong hybrid dog who would pull carts of meat for butchers and defend their masters as well as their cattle and money.
A look at the Rottweiler confirms that they were successful in their intent. In fact, a full-grown Rottweiler has a stout build which, coupled with its mean-looking face, will intimidate the strongest of men.
As for the German Shepherd, Captain Max von Stephanitz, who is credited with the creation of the German Shepherd Dog as we know it today, was attracted by the breed’s intelligence and working strength: two traits that make a sturdy herding dog.
Considering their physical traits, we clearly have two strong dogs, but there are clear differences in their weight and height, which also vary with sex.
Male: 65-90lb (29.5-40.8kg)
Male: 95-135lb (43.0-61.2kg)
Female: 50-70lb (22.6-31.8kg)
Female: 80-100lb (36.3-45.4kg)
Male: 24-26ʺ (61-66cm)
Male: 24-27ʺ (61-68cm)
Female: 22-24ʺ (56-61cm)
Female: 22-25ʺ (56-63cm)
There will always be variations from different sources in general weight and height guidelines of all breeds and the above is a rough guide. As an example, my female German Shepherd is really big for a girl, nevertheless, she is proportionally built, which is what counts – she stands at 27ʺ tall and weighs 88lbs (40kg)!
From the differences in weight and height, the Rottweiler stands out. The largest male Rottweiler would be 45lb (20.4kg) heavier and 1ʺ (2.5cm) taller than the largest male German Shepherd.
An experiment on animal bite force by Dr. Brady Barr found that the Rottweiler has a bite force equivalent to 328 PSI (pound-force per square inch) while that of the German Shepherd is equal to 238 PSI.
If we were to stop here and gauge the strength of the two breeds by these physical aspects, we would hand over the trophy to the Rottweiler.
But does the strength of a dog breed rely solely on its physical build and power? Let’s explore other strength features of the two breeds.
Breed Temperament and Personality: Which Is Better at Keeping Their Behavioral Reactions in Check?
Temperament and personality in dogs are used to explain their behavioral responses in the face of an internal or external stimulus. External stimuli could be the actions of humans (owner or stranger) or other dogs. Internal stimuli could be the dog’s psychological state, such as stress or anxiety.
In this light, dogs are categorized into five personalities according to the following factors:
From a dog strength perspective, I would consider a dog to be strong if he can keep his behavioral reactions in check. Is it the Rottweiler or the German Shepherd that takes the cup this time? Let’s consider two scientific studies.
In a study that compared German Shepherds, Rottweilers, and Boxers, the Rottweiler turned out to be the most prone to fear and aggression. This was explained by the fact that the breed is the least social compared to the other two breeds.
In a different study, however, the German Shepherd recorded 292 snaps, bites, or attempts to bite compared to the Rottweiler’s 210. The German Shepherd’s bites/attempts were directed more towards other dogs while the Rottweilers were directed mostly towards strangers. Also, the German Shepherd recorded more bites/bite attempts towards its owner when compared to the Rottweiler.
It appears that each of the breeds both scores and loses points equally when it comes to temperament and personality strength.
Breed Health: Which Is More Susceptible to Disease?
Both the German Shepherd and the Rottweiler are generally healthy dogs. But both breeds also manifest susceptibility to some health problems as most dogs do.
For example, since both are large breeds, they are predisposed to hip dysplasia. Indeed, a study on the prevalence of hip dysplasia in the US and Canada in 2017 showed that the Rottweiler had the highest prevalence of the disease (35.4%) in the US.
However, the German Shepherd is also prone to Degenerative Myelopathy, a degenerative disease initially thought to be unique to this breed but found to be present in several other large breeds.
In fact, a study done in Mexico in 2018 found that 11 of the 22 tested breeds recorded a high frequency of SOD1, the allele associated with the disease. The German Shepherds had a frequency of 0.13 while the Rottweilers had frequency 0.7.
Both breeds are also known to be susceptible to bloat (GVD).
So, who is stronger here? Well, it’s a tie: both breeds seem to be susceptible to some diseases.
Life Expectancy: Who Lives Longer Than the Other?
It seems that the rule of thumb when it comes to life expectancy among dogs is that the larger the dog, the faster the aging and the shorter the life expectancy. Smaller dogs are known to live longer than larger ones.
Applied to our two breeds, it would be expected that the Rottweiler has a shorter lifespan than the German Shepherd. In fact, according to MSN, the German Shepherd has an average lifespan of 10.3 years while that of a Rottweiler is 9.8 years.
Again, as with average weights and heights of dogs, there is always variation, depending on where you look. For example, the AKC assigns to the Rottweilers a life expectancy of 9-10 years and 7-10 years for the German Shepherds.
The difference may not be much, and it would be easy to say that both breeds have a life expectancy that ranges around 7 to 10 years, awarding them the same credit when it comes to life expectancy.
Breed Exercise: Who Has More Energy for Exercise?
Both the Rottweiler and the German Shepherd are high energy dogs. The Rottie is muscular and athletic and enjoys walking/trotting and swimming, among other activities. The German Shepherd is equally active and athletic and will enjoy plenty of exercise for his mental and physical wellbeing.
High energy dogs can become destructive if not given enough exercise. The UK Kennel Club recommends more than 2 hours of exercise per day for both the German Shepherd and Rottweiler, which could suggest equal energy levels for the two breeds.
Both breeds are very sensitive and love being part of the pack – that means you and your family! If they are not sufficiently exercised and left alone for long periods they will suffer from separation anxiety. Don’t worry though as I’ll show you how to stop separation anxiety in these 10 easy steps.
So, which is stronger, the German Shepherd or the Rottweiler?
The Ultimate Decider: Training Is Mightier Than Breed!
There is no doubt that the breed defines the features of a dog. But it is also true that training is a strong factor in determining the characteristics of individual dogs.
According to The Telegraph, even though breed characteristics are determined by what the dogs were originally bred for, it is important to remember that each dog is an individual, which explains why some dogs will often be trained to meet specific owner expectations and easily contradict breed stereotypes.
As pastoral dogs, German Shepherds are usually expected to follow orders and be fierce defenders. On the flip side, Rottweilers as working dogs are expected to use their muscular bodies to guard and pull carts. However, both breeds today are loving and loyal family pets and are often trained to be service and therapy dogs.
Related: Can German Shepherds Kill?
The Bottom Line
The German Shepherd and the Rottweiler can be strong if trained to be so. If trained to be loving and royal, they are also going to become exactly that. Their breed characteristics can be easily adapted to fit specific training purposes.
Deciding how strong each of the two breeds is can be weighed on many factors, including their physical build, their personality, the amount of exercise they can take per day, their health, and their life expectancy.
So, which is stronger, the German Shepherd, or the Rottweiler? The decision is still yours!
Related Posts You May Like:
- Wikipedia: Max von Stephanitz
- Frontiers in Veterinary Science: Bite Forces and Their Measurement in Dogs and Cats
- Psychology Today: Dog Bite Force: Myths, Misinterpretations, and Realities
- Applied Animal Behaviour Science: Personality Traits in the Domestic Dog (Canis familiaris)
- Washington University in St. Louis: Fear and Aggression in German Shepherd, Boxer, and Rottweiler Dogs
- Applied Animal Behaviour Science: Breed Differences in Canine Aggression
- Inside Dogs World: Dog Bite Explained: Top 20 Dogs With The Strongest Bite Force
- Journal of Veterinary Medicine: The Demographics of Canine Hip Dysplasia in the United States and Canada
- Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias: Frequency of Canine Degenerative Myelopathy SOD1:C.118G>A mutation in 22 Dog Breeds in Guadalajara, Mexico
- The American Naturalist: The Size–Life Span Trade-Off Decomposed: Why Large Dogs Die Young
- MSN: Shortest (and Longest) Living Dog Breeds in the World
- The Kennel Club: German Shepherd Dog
- The Kennel Club: Rottweiler
- The Telegraph: How Breed Origin and Characteristics Can Help Explain Dog Behaviour
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