When the German army officer Captain Max von Stephanitz selectively bred the German Shepherd to create a working dog, he had in mind a breed that would also be perfect for military and police tasks, rescue work, and guarding.
The outcome was a herding dog with outstanding traits like intelligence, loyalty, dedication, and, and tenacity. But how did the German Shepherd end up being the second most popular pet dog in American homes and what are they really like as pets?
Evidence shows that German Shepherds are really awesome pets. As family companions, pets are meant to be loving, loyal, smart, and even courageous when the need to protect their family arises. The German Shepherd possesses these and many other positive traits, giving them plenty of credit as a pet.
In this article, I’ll give you a comprehensive account of the traits that make the German Shepherd Dog (GSD) a good pet. I’ll also help you gauge if you are a good fit for a German Shepherd pet as this is really important.
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Read on to find all about my ultimate guide on German Shepherds as pets!
German Shepherd as Pets: Do They Make the Cut?
Dogs are often described as man’s best friend. But this friendship did not always exist. Our four-legged furry friends were once part of the feral wolves’ family until we decided to domesticate them and bring them into our homes.
Recent studies suggest that dogs may have been domesticated as early as 35,000 years ago. Since then, they have lived with us as hounds, drovers, sled-dogs, guards and watchdogs, and most especially close friends.
German Shepherds have become famous as good pets, even though some criticize this move. The critics will retain that the present-day German Shepherd has lost the glory of the original working dog as intended by von Stephanitz, and, for the same reason, they have become susceptible to disease.
Despite the controversy, many characteristics make German Shepherds good pets. Check out this really cool 5-minute video from “Animal Wised” all about the GSD. It’s an interesting watch and will give you a brief overview of this gorgeous breed:
We will now take a look at the most prominent pet-qualities of a German Shepherd Dog.
German Shepherds Are Good Family Dogs
What would a pet dog be if it did not have a knack for family? It would probably display behavior that reflects its ancestral wolf nature. Not so the German Shepherd! This dog breed is known for its unwavering devotion to its family. Once they are part of the family through proper socialization and training, they become very affectionate and caring.
Over the years dogs have developed specific skills allowing them to communicate with humans. Your German Shepherd will show affection by lying down with his muzzle on your feet, cuddling, hugging, licking your face, or looking straight into your eyes.
This last quality has been used to compare dogs to humans. Just as humans, dogs gaze into their owner’s eyes to express an emotional bond. According to a study, the same love hormone (oxytocin) that is produced when humans express gaze-mediated emotions is produced in dogs when they show affection by gazing straight into your eyes.
German Shepherds will also show affection to a member of their family through herding. While some may wonder why their GSD follows them everywhere or goes ahead of them and looks back every few minutes, this is often their way of protecting you. They will herd you and ensure you are back home safely.
Be careful though as to how much love and affection you give to your GSD as they can become overly clingy! Being extremely social dogs they don’t like to be left alone for long periods and can be prone to separation anxiety. So, if you are out at work all day, you will need to enlist the help of friends, relatives, dog-sitters, dog-walkers, or take your pet to doggy daycare.
German Shepherds Are Intelligent and, Hence, Easy to Train
To be part of a family, dogs need to learn certain behaviors as per the expectation of their new owner. For the owner, this means investing precious time to train their pet in these behaviors. If your dog is not smart, you will need more time to get him to learn simple commands and skills. Instead, an intelligent dog will save you the trouble by picking up these skills and commands quickly.
German Shepherds fall into the category of intelligent pets. In a book titled The Intelligence of Dogs written by professor emeritus, Dr. Stanley Coren of the department of psychology at the University of British Columbia, the German Shepherd is ranked 3rd among the brightest dogs.
What this means is that your GSD will understand new commands with less than five repetitions and also obey them without requiring you to repeat them 95% of the time. You would want a pet dog who saves your time by learning commands and skills fast, wouldn’t you?
German Shepherds Are Good Loyal Guard Pets
Guarding and loyalty are inseparable traits when it comes to dogs. A loyal dog will not just be a forever friend, but he also knows when to alert you about an intruder with a warning bark. These dogs also know when to go the extra mile and attack to protect you from a dangerous situation.
Because they have traits of unconditional loyalty, bravery, and alertness, German Shepherds are considered to be among the best guard dogs. Nonetheless, they can also overdo their family protection role by being aggressive towards strangers. This means that they have to be given proper socialization training to refrain from attacking when there’s no need to.
There are many cases of German Shepherds who have shown undivided loyalty and put their lives on the line to protect their family members. One such case occurred in Washington in February of 2018 when a GSD known as Rex took three bullets to protect Javier, his 16-year-old family member. That is the ultimate sign of love and loyalty from your pet.
German Shepherds Are Good With Kids
If you had to choose between owning a German Shepherd and the safety of your kids, you would certainly choose your kids. It seems, though, that you don’t need to make that choice because you can have both!
Like most other breeds, German Shepherds have natural patience with children and can be particularly fond of them. They are excellent playmates and will put up with a child’s touch even in places where dogs don’t like to be touched like the head, ears, and tail. It’s probably the gentle hand of children and their unthreatening small size.
Nevertheless, here’s where you can find out loads more on whether German Shepherds like to be petted and how to pet them.
A German Shepherd who’s good with children needs early socialization. A child, too, needs to be socialized to avoid annoying the dog! A study analyzing facial dog bites among children ranked German Shepherds fourth among the attacking breeds after mixed breed dogs, Labrador retrievers, and Rottweilers in that order. But the study also reported that most attacks were provoked, confirming the need to socialize both dogs and kids.
If you want a German Shepherd as a good family pet where there are children, you might be better choosing a female rather than a male. Research in the UK revealed that male German Shepherds are more likely to show aggression than females.
However, deciding whether to choose a male or female depends on various factors such as your experience, lifestyle, and what you require the dog for. To help you make this decision check out my article, Male vs. Female German Shepherd: Which Should You Get?
German Shepherds Have a Heart for Service
The kind nature of the German Shepherd combined with their physical strength explains why this breed is often engaged as a guide, service, and therapy dog. GSDs have shown time and again that they are good reliable pets when it comes to supporting persons with visual impairment and other mental and physical challenges.
It’s no wonder a German Shepherd by name Buddy was the first guide dog. He was trained as a guide for Morris Frank, the co-founder of The Seeing Eye, the first guide-dog school in the US.
A German Shepherd Dog dubbed “Atlas the Wonderdog” is also the hero in the story of a US Marine veteran who had to deal with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) after sustaining a brain injury while working in Iraq. Atlas was trained to detect emotional distress in his owner and redirect it to positive energy. His owner considers him his lifesaver and a positive presence for his children.
Atlas is also the inspiration behind the Battle Buddy Foundation, a charity foundation that trains dogs in mobility and psychiatric service of wounded veterans so they can reintegrate back into society.
German Shepherds Are Good With Other Pets
German Shepherds are generally good with other pets. There is, however, a condition to that. Introducing your GSD to other pets during puppyhood helps to build a better relationship among the pets.
Introducing them later can lead to fights and animal jealousy. Yes, animals mark their territory and have shown signs of overt aggressive behavior when other pets receive attention from their owners.
If you are introducing a German Shepherd to another pet such as a cat, you will do better to make them get along by ensuring that they are both in a neutral position; none of them claims the home as their territory. Having them join the family at the same time would be even better.
When introducing a GSD to another dog in the family, it is recommended that opposite sexes get along better. So, if your new German Shepherd is a male, he will get along better with a female. That does not mean that two same-sex German Shepherds cannot get along. In all cases, proper training makes all the difference.
German Shepherds Are Obedient and Love to Please
Due to their original breeding German Shepherd Dogs love taking orders and obeying. So if you are lucky enough to have one as a pet in your home, you don’t have to worry about having to repeat orders. As long as they are properly trained and know the command, they will readily get into action or stop whatever action you may want them to cease doing.
When it comes to obeying orders, German Shepherds have their foot well ahead owing to their high intelligence. The fact that they are ranked 3rd for intelligence means they can learn 250 words compared to 165 words for an average dog. That further implies that they can understand most of what you ask of them, and given that they love to please, they will promptly obey.
German Shepherds Are Highly Adaptable
If you love to travel or move house often, you sure want a dog that will easily adapt to change. The German Shepherd is versatile and amazingly good at adapting to different situations, whether it is about cold and hot climates, living in an apartment or a ranch house, or being part of a small or large family.
The German Shepherd is good at adapting to climatic changes due to their natural shedding schedules. But in other behavioral aspects, their adaptability is linked to its intelligence. The earlier mentioned Dr. Stanley Coren proposes that dogs have three dimensions of intelligence: instinctive, adaptive, and working and obedience intelligence.
Breeds that rank high in adaptive intelligence like the German Shepherd learn to do a lot for themselves. They benefit from interacting with a new environment and can solve problems in such an environment. This implies that your GSD will adapt easily if you move to a new place or if the family structure changes, for example, the arrival of a new baby.
Conclusively, if we were to evaluate the German Shepherd on these “good pet” qualities, we will certainly give them a mark that confirms they make the cut to being awesome pets.
However, owning a German Shepherd is not only about the pet, but it’s also about the owner, you!
How you relate and live with this breed can greatly determine if your dog is a good pet or not. So, are you a good fit for a German Shepherd pet? Find out in the next section…
Are You a Good Fit for a German Shepherd Pet? 7 Questions to Ask
When it comes to dog pets, we could easily apply the saying, “like the parent like the child,” or should we say, “like the owner like the pet.” Let’s anticipate what this section is about with an example that explains this saying.
Imagine that you go out to a park and meet an extremely obese German Shepherd. What is the first thought that comes to your mind? Is it that the dog does not take care of himself or that the owner does not take good care of the dog? No doubt, you’ll blame the owner.
This suggests that your dog turns out to be the pet you allow him to be. So, to know if you are a good fit for a German Shepherd, here are seven questions to ask yourself.
1. Why Do You Want to Own a German Shepherd?
There are several reasons people own dogs. They include the following:
- Dogs offer pleasant companionship.
- Dogs attract attention in social contexts, which leads to socializing with other people.
- Dogs are attractive, lovely to own and walk around with.
- Dogs give status (you are an animal ambassador or have a tough bodyguard).
- Taking care of dogs is a hobby that some people enjoy.
Despite the single or multiple reasons for owning a dog, your reason must match the characteristics of the breed that you are looking for. If you want a companion for your daily morning and evening one-hour vigorous run and you go for a Pomeranian, you’ll be disappointed if it finds amusement under some shrub while you expect it to run beside you! Go for the high-energy German Shepherd instead.
2. Do I Have the Time for Training and Daily Exercise?
As alluded to in the first question, German Shepherds are high energy dogs that require at least two hours of exercise daily. If this is lacking, they may easily channel their energy elsewhere and engage in destructive behavior such as chewing, digging, barking, or howling.
Besides, the GSD is an intelligent breed, which means it needs to stay mentally stimulated with old and new training tricks and skills.
Because of its active nature, the GSD would be misplaced with an owner that loves the couch for the better part of the day. Moreover, the lack of exercise in any dog breed is unhealthy and is associated with obesity, among other health issues.
With this, it is suggested that obese dogs tend to be owned by obese owners. A study in Spain found that 78% of obese/overweight owners had obese/overweight dogs.
Interestingly, regular exercise with your German Shepherd can increase your happiness and tighten the bond between you and your dog. A study found that walking with your dog augments your sense of happiness, and more so if you perceive that the pet is also enjoying the walk.
So, if you love walking, you qualify as a good German Shepherd owner, and it will create mutual benefits for you both.
3. Do I Have the Right Personality and Disposition for a German Shepherd?
Dogs don’t just reflect the owner in their physical presence, as indicated by my earlier example of the obese German Shepherd in the park. Instead, they also mirror their owner in personality. A study done in 2019 showed that the personality of dogs reveals that of their owner.
The pet’s personality also changes over the years in a trend similar to that of the human personality.
If you are vocal, you may want to go for a vocal dog like the Siberian Husky. But if you are calm, you may prefer the calm and quiet Bulldog. Many tests can help you judge the best breed for you – though you may need to weigh up how reliable they are.
The American Kennel Club Dog Breed Selector may be your best bet. It is brief and covers different aspects that are important in choosing the dog breed for you.
The AKC and other national kennel clubs like the UK Kennel Club and the Australia Kennel Club also give comprehensive profiles of the breeds they have registered.
On such profiles, you can read about the breed standard, nutrition and exercise requirements, grooming, training, and health. With that knowledge, you can make a more informed choice about the breed you are interested in.
4. How Much Am I Willing to Spend on My German Shepherd?
German Shepherds are neither cheap to buy nor to own. You can pay around $900-$2000 for a good well-bred puppy. Prices vary considerably depending on the breeder, location, litter size, and bloodlines. Top bloodlines can sell for thousands more.
You’ll then need to budget for costs like food, training, health screening, vet bills, registration, initial equipment, and other utilities and emergencies. My German Shepherd costs around $1500 (£1200) per year however I do feed her high-quality food as I believe this is so important for the health and longevity of your pet.
If you chose to, you might pay less to own a GSD by purchasing from a commercial breeder. But that might also mean more costs in other expenses such as vet bills if you end up with a poorly bred dog with underlying health issues.
Remember, these unscrupulous breeders care more about their profits than the health of their dogs. You are far better off going for registered breeders so you can be sure of the quality and sound health of your German Shepherd.
Going by the above estimates, you are a good fit for the German Shepherd if you are willing to pay around $2000 (£1500) for the initial purchase and set-up.
You can read about other options of buying and owning a German Shepherd in my articles on How Much Does a German Shepherd Cost? where I give 23 examples, and Costs of Owning a German Shepherd where I detail 21 examples.
5. Do I Mind Dog Fur on My Couch and Clothes?
If you are looking for a good companion pet, it is obvious that your dog is going to live in your home and not in a kennel or doghouse outside. Now, that means having to put up with a good amount of fur around the house! This is because the German Shepherd is a heavy shedder.
If you really want a German Shepherd but also dislike the sight of fur on your couch, you can acquire an exclusive bed for your pet. You’ll also need to train your dog to stay away from your couch and stick to his!
There are many dog beds you can choose from. I prefer an orthopedic dog bed such as the Big Barker. It’s clinically proven to reduce and prevent arthritis, hip dysplasia, or other mobility issues that large breeds are prone to developing and comes with a cool 10 year-guarantee! You can the Big Barker from Amazon; however, you don’t get the 10-year warranty.
Alternatively, you can control your German Shepherds shedding with daily grooming. Brushing your GSD’s hair daily in the heavy shedding seasons (fall and spring) and at least twice a week during the other months will keep the spread of fur in your home under control.
Take a look at my top shedding article, How To Reduce German Shepherd Shedding.
6. Am I Ready to Stick With My German Shepherd “For Better for Worse?”
Pet lovers know that acquiring a dog is a commitment to take care of their companion for life. People who abandon their pets for health or financial reasons submit them to extreme physical and emotional suffering.
Such animals have to rely on the mercy of dog shelters or individual well-wishers who can rescue them from the street. No dog lover wants to see this happen.
As indicated earlier, German Shepherds can be costly to own and you also need to be aware of some breed-related illnesses. Even though German Shepherds are generally healthy dogs, these are some conditions that they tend to be susceptible to:
- Hip dysplasia or arthritis.
- Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency
- Bloat (GDV)
- Degenerative myelopathy
To determine if you should own a German Shepherd on this aspect, be willing to purchase your pet from a reliable breeder who screens his stock for these health conditions. Also, assess your willingness to invest in your dog’s regular vet visits.
It’s important to submit your GSD to the health tests recommended by the German Shepherd Dog Club of America, such as hip and elbow evaluation and the temperament test.
7. Am I Aware That My German Shepherd Will Be Around for About a Decade?
Did you know that small-sized dogs tend to live longer than larger dogs? Scientists propose that this is so because larger breeds are more susceptible to age-related diseases. Some scientists have even suggested that every 4.4lb (2kg) of body mass reduces a dog’s lifespan by a month.
The German Shepherd is among larger breeds that can live for about a decade. The AKC indicates a life expectancy of 7-10 years for this breed, while others will give it up to 13 years.
So if you want a pet that lives that long, then you are a good fit. But that will also imply taking good care of your pet in terms of exercise and diet as well as ensuring a healthy life as earlier indicated.
As can be guessed from the foregoing, having a German Shepherd is about owning an awesome pet for you and having a caring owner for the dog. It is a contract of mutual companionship where each gives and receives.
German Shepherds are awesome pets endowed with qualities of unwavering love, loyalty, bravery, and intelligence, among others.
As pets, they have shown that they can be good family dogs, good with children and other pets, they will guard you with their life, they make great service dogs, and they are highly adaptable and versatile. The German Shepherd is highly intelligent, hence easy to train. He will readily obey you as he loves to please you and thrives on having a job to do.
To get the most out of the impressive German Shepherd, you also have to be a great owner and be ready to invest a good amount of time and money to care for your dog’s needs.
You will need to find time to socialize, train, and exercise your pet daily for him to have a pleasant personality. If you can do this, your German Shepherd will be worth all your effort and you won’t regret choosing this gorgeous breed.
If you are still undecided whether this breed is for you, you can also consider the miniature German Shepherd. Whatever you decide, good luck!
Related Posts You May Like:
- Wikipedia: Max von Stephanitz
- Current Biology: Ancient Wolf Genome Reveals an Early Divergence of Domestic Dog Ancestors and Admixture into High-Latitude Breeds
- German Shepherd Rescue Elite: The History and Origin of the German Shepherd Dog
- Science: Oxytocin-Gaze Positive Loop and the Coevolution of Human-Dog Bonds
- Wikipedia: The Intelligence of Dogs
- German Shepherd Dog Club of America: The GSD as the Ultimate Service Dog
- Animals: Communication in Dogs
- PetCoach: Life with a German Shepherd
- Pets World: Top 10 Guard Dog Breeds – The Best Watchdogs for Protection
- Fox23News: Hero German Shepherd takes bullet for teenager in home invasion
- AKC: Why Does My Dog Duck When I Pat Him on the Head?
- Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction: Analysis of Pediatric Facial Dog Bites
- Royal Veterinary College University of London: New Research Reveals Secrets of the Demographics and Disorders in German Shepherd Dogs
- American-Humane Hero Dog Awards: Atlas the Wonderdog — Service
- The Battle Buddy Foundation
- Animal Sentience: Jealousy in Dogs? Evidence From Brain Imaging
- American Psychological Association: Smarter Than You Think: Renowned Canine Researcher Puts Dogs’ Intelligence on Par with 2-Year-Old Human
- Psychology Today: Canine Intelligence – Breed Does Matter
- Journal of Research in Personality: Old Dog, New Tricks: Age Differences in Dog Personality Traits, Associations with Human Personality Traits, and Links to Important Outcomes
- International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health: I Walk My Dog Because It Makes Me Happy: A Qualitative Study to Understand Why Dogs Motivate Walking and Improved Health
- Frontiers in Veterinary Science: Prevalence of Canine Obesity, Obesity-Related Metabolic Dysfunction, and Relationship with Owner Obesity in an Obesogenic Region of Spain
- American Kennel Club: Dog Breed Selector
- German Shepherd Dog Club of America: German Shepherd
- AKC: Why Do Small Dogs Live Longer?
- AKC: German Shepherd Dog