German Shepherds are great companions and seem to be the breed of choice for many families. At the same time, they’re pretty strong and can make some people uncomfortable. Whether you’re adopting another dog to accompany your GSD or getting a German Shepherd when you have a child at home, you have to know if they generally play rough. So, do German Shepherds play rough?
German Shepherds play rough because they’re large dogs with significant strength and high pain tolerance. What might seem rough to a human observer is normal to a GSD. While this might be okay for two German Shepherds, it can be a problem when an untrained GSD plays with a smaller breed.
In this article, you’ll learn all about knowing where the limits of roughness are, how you can enforce these limits, and make your German Shepherd play well with other dogs. So regardless of whether you already have a GSD or plan to adopt one soon, you should read through this post and learn what to expect.
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Welcome to the world of German Shepherds playing rough. Let’s get started!
Do German Shepherds Like to Play Rough?
If you have a German Shepherd who plays rough, you might hesitate to stop him because you might be interrupting his fun. For the most part, you would be right not to stop the play.
German Shepherds like to play rough because they can endure rough play, which makes “fun” and “rough” interchangeable. That means you need to know when to step in and limit how rough they can get during play fighting. Otherwise, they will be incompatible with smaller breeds or children.
Recent research has shown that both veterinarians and the public believe that different dog breeds differ in their sensitivity to pain. The results of this survey included the German Shepherd. Interestingly, ordinary members of the public attributed the breed’s size for breed variations in pain sensitivity, with big dogs seen as less sensitive. In contrast, veterinarians disagreed with this view, claiming that body size was just a minor indicator of pain sensitivity.
But whatever your view, German Shepherds love to play rough. My girl will nibble and play-bite other dog’s ears when she is playing hard. Sometimes, it’s great fun to watch, but I can see how it may look like fighting if you’re unfamiliar with the breed.
Watch Two Awesome German Shepherds Play Fighting…
Fortunately, there’s a section in this post on when rough play is too rough. Once you learn where the boundaries are, you must be assertive and step in no matter how much fun your pooch might seem to be having. He doesn’t know what’s best for him long-term. You do!
Let’s now explore some situations why you may want to know whether German Shepherds play rough. The solution is different for each context and is detailed in the respective subheading.
I Am Adopting a German Shepherd Puppy and Have Another Dog at Home
If you’re looking to adopt a GSD pup and you already have a dog at home, you’re in luck. German Shepherds are intelligent and receptive to training. Remember, they have the strength to herd livestock yet have historically aided in nurturing and securing them. Some people deny their role in raising a poorly socialized GSD and spread the myth of their “beastly nature.”
As the 2nd most popular breed in the US, we can safely assume that many German Shepherds live with families, including children. If they’re gentle enough to be compatible with families, they’re safe enough to accompany other dogs. The non-negotiable aspect of this is proper socializing.
Fortunately, I have a complete guide on how to train a German Shepherd puppy. I’ve written it specifically with the socializing and command-adherence aspects in mind. German Shepherds are strong, and you want to make sure that that isn’t a drawback during doggy dates and your daily walks.
Pro Tip! Experts recommend adopting a dog of the opposite gender. For the happiest dogs and the safest homes, opposite-sex dogs almost always get along better. Many same-sex combinations will fight as they want to be the dominant pet. For greater insight into this, check out this post, Will Two Female German Shepherds Get Along?
I Am Adopting Another Dog and Already Have a GSD
If you’re adopting a dog and your German Shepherd has never been around smaller breeds, you will need to supervise playtime for at least two months. During this period, you’ll find that your GSD may try to go too far. It is your responsibility to let him know that isn’t okay.
Get comfortable putting your German Shepherd in an effective timeout a few times. Since GSDs are intelligent, it will take less than four timeouts before understanding where the limit is. An effective timeout means marking the behavior the precise moment it occurs, and the duration should be no more than a minute for adult dogs and just a few seconds for puppies.
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Letting your German Shepherd know that there are limits is not the challenging part. The challenging part is figuring out where the boundaries are. You cannot stop him too early, or you’ll be oppressing him too much.
You have to draw the line where the play is rough enough to be in sync with your German Shepherd’s nature but not too harsh for his companion. If the other dog is yelping, then it’s already gone too far. Also, if the other dog gets hurt in your GSD’s “educational journey,” he may have trust issues. Later in the post, there’s more on knowing how rough is too rough.
I Want to Raise a German Shepherd and Have a Baby
Regardless of who came first, your dog and baby can coexist. Your German Shepherd must be well-disciplined. He should know when to let go, stop being aggressive, and stand down. There must be no exceptions to command obedience before the toddler is allowed near the GSD. If your dog takes his time releasing a chew toy despite your command, it’s safe to say he’s not ready to be around a kid.
One-year-old German Shepherds are generally as smart as four-year-old kids. This means they may want to play, but the vast difference in their physical abilities can prove to be a problem. You must teach your child not to antagonize the dog, and you should train your GSD to play without biting or harming smaller beings.
This brings us to the question of whether your GSD can play with your toddler unsupervised. The answer is no. When you bring a German Shepherd to a house with a baby or a baby to the house with a GSD, the minimum commitment you must make is to have an adult present anytime the dog is in the same room as your child.
Do German Shepherds Play Well With Other Dogs?
Now that we have established that German Shepherds like to play rough, the question is how well does that inclination work out for other dogs. You may want to know if your GSD might be a problem at the local dog park. You’ll be pleased to know that well-socialized GSDs aren’t a cause for concern.
German Shepherds play well with other dogs as long as they’re properly socialized and are of relatively similar sizes. GSDs can play rough with other GSDs without either dog getting hurt, but the same level of roughness can endanger a small dog which is why you must exercise caution.
With that said, I need to emphasize that the above is generally true but doesn’t have to be the case. If you raise a German Shepherd puppy with other small dogs and supervise playtime in his formative years, he’ll know how to get along with others without hurting them.
The opposite also applies: if your German Shepherd has been raised with other big dogs, he is not capable of being gentle with Miniature Poodles! This means your answer to this query varies to your specific situation.
How Rough Is Too Rough For a German Shepherd?
Since German Shepherds love rough and tumble play, you have to wonder when it is too much. Usually, nothing stops you from redirecting the dogs to treats or other activities if their rough play makes you uncomfortable.
If anything, that’s generally the right time to make them quit. That being said, I am not a fan of using treats as a distraction when the dogs are roughhousing as that can anchor a reward with being too rough – more on limiting rough play later.
Rough play is too rough for a German Shepherd dog when neck biting is involved, and he breaks the skin. Usually, this does not happen between adequately socialized and exercised dogs. If it occurs, you must put the dog in timeout and work on exercising away his aggression.
How to Recognize Rough Play from Fighting?
I get asked this question quite a lot from other concerned dog owners, “Are those two German Shepherds playing or fighting?” The secret is to understand and recognize your dog’s body language and take it into context. Despite the overlap in behaviors, some clear differences exist between play fighting and real fighting…
Differences in Play Fighting and Real Fighting in the Canine World
|Play bow to initiate play||No play bow|
|Allowing to be caught during a chase||One dog trying to get away from the other|
|Voluntary rolling on the back||No submissive signs during combat|
|Mouthing and nibbling||Biting|
|Over the top bouncy movements||Quick and efficient movements|
|Loud play growling||Low warning growling|
|Relaxed wide open mouth||Closed mouth, curled lip, and snarling|
|Relaxed posture||Stiff posture and raised hackles|
|Relaxed ears put back||Pinned ears to the head|
How Can I Stop My Dog From Playing Rough?
Playing rough isn’t the problem for German Shepherds. It only becomes a problem when they use rough play as an outlet for aggression that can cause harm to other dogs. That’s why you must exercise your GSD well in the absence of other dogs and then let him socialize.
I know this can be awkward and impractical if both the dogs are in your house. You’ll have an easier time letting your solo GSD walk off his energy in your backyard before taking him to the park, but if you have two dogs, it might not be convenient to exercise them separately.
Discourage the Behavior
If you have two German Shepherds, they’ll sound like they’re fighting when they play. You have to pay attention and teach them to “KNOCK IT OFF.”
They have to learn to associate the command with voluntarily ending their rough play sessions. You have to supervise their play and wait for them to call it quits naturally. When that happens, simply say “KNOCK IT OFF.” assertively but with a positive tone, and reward each one a treat.
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You cannot make your GSD feel like he’s doing something wrong by following his nature and playing hard. The command anchored in this context and delivered positively teaches your dog that rough play is fine, but now is the time to bring the session to a natural end.
Meet Your Dog’s Exercise Needs
German Shepherds are a high-energy breed, and you need to ensure you provide sufficient daily exercise. Leash walking alone will not be enough. An adult requires up to two separate hourly sessions consisting of a mixture of off-leash running, frisbee, fetch, agility, swimming, or hiking.
You should also provide mental stimulation such as ongoing training, interactive toys and games, and plenty of chew toys. Avoid tug ‘o’ war and other similar games that promote rough behavior. For example, check out this Dog Brick Interactive Treat Puzzle Toy from Amazon. It’s a true boredom buster where your doggo will love finding the treats. It gets thousands of great reviews, too.
Recognize Body Language
Different dogs, their age, and other variables affect how they play, but they usually understand each other’s body language. The first step in teaching your German Shepherd to play along with others is to become well-versed in dog body language so that you can recognize when tensions are building.
This is important because when dogs play, they often emulate certain fighting behaviors, such as mouthing, biting, vocalizing, jumping, body-slamming, and rearing up. If you notice that your German Shepherd is becoming over-excited, call him to you and redirect his behavior.
Separate Your German Shepherd from a Puppy
It is your responsibility to separate your adult German Shepherd from a puppy if he is playing too rough and not acknowledging that the other is unhappy. He will know you mean business if you say a firm “NO” or “AHH AHH!” Separate them and put an end to the game. You may need to put your GSD in a timeout to get him to understand.
You may all need to compromise when you have two German Shepherds or a German Shepherd with another big dog. You’ll raise the threshold of what seems too rough to you personally, and the dogs will simultaneously need to bring down what they think is the upper limit of rough play. You can accomplish this by supervision and assertiveness. Remember, a properly socialized GSD is other animals’ friend, not their foe.
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